By Martin Maiden
Publish yr note: First released in 1995 by way of Longman Publishing
A Linguistic heritage of Italian bargains a transparent and concise clarification of why sleek Italian grammar has turn into how it is. It makes a speciality of the consequences of historic alterations at the smooth constitution of Italian, revealing styles and constructions which aren't regularly obvious to those that are just accustomed to glossy Italian. even if the publication concentrates at the inner historical past of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader historical past of the background of the Italian dialects, and different exterior components similar to cultural and social impacts also are tested. Surveys of present learn are integrated, masking quite a lot of phenomena lately delivered to gentle or re-evaluated.
This booklet contains dialogue of a few parts rather overlooked by means of previous histories of the language, comparable to the improvement of Italian outdoor Italy. specific awareness is paid to the impression of different Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian changing into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural diversifications that have resulted from the purchase of the language by way of a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.
Containing sincerely awarded examples, the publication is designed to be available to these with out wisdom of Italian itself. it's going to consequently attract scholars of normal linguistics, background linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the in basic terms significant 'internal' heritage of Italian at present to be had in English.
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Additional resources for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)
In open syllables, these vowels were subject to a process of diphthongization, involving the production of a palatal glide OJ before [e] and a labial glide [w] before [:>]. This development is apparent also in 'pje:-de 'foot' < *'pE-de; 'tJE:-Ie 'gall' < *'fE-Ie; 'vw:>:-le 'he wants' < *'v:>-le; 'bw:>:-na 'good' < *'h:>-na, etc. , French, and the Gallo-Italian dialects of Emilia, Liguria and the Po Plain). In some Gallo-Romance varieties, the original diphthongs have become monophthongized giving [e] (or [iD and .
Menocal (1991) gives a sober assessment of the importance of the Questione for the history of Italian. 8. It is likely that the structural conservatism of Florentine, making it apparently more similar to Latin than are other Italo-Romance varieties, may also have served to promote its acceptance as a worthy successor to Latin. 9. ). 10. ). Note that Val d'Aosta has two official languages, Italian and French. The number of German speakers increased greatly through the incorporation of the Austrian Siidtirol (Alto Adige) after the First World War.
Such pairs of popular and learned words arising from a common source are termed etymological doublets. Imitation of prestigious linguistic models is not, of course, limited to the lexicon. 2 Hypercorrection Attempts to imitate varieties considered, for whatever reason, more prestigious or desirable, often result in hypercorrection: in their endeavours to reproduce the desired pattern of speech, speakers can, in effect, 'overstretch' themselves, producing novel structures which do not exist in the variety of speech which they are attempting to produce.
A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library) by Martin Maiden