By Brad Montgomery-Anderson
The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing method within the usa. Invented through Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it used to be quickly followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy premiums as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing process, the Cherokee syllabary, is totally defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and simply whole released grammar of the Cherokee language.
even supposing the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken via the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee state and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it presents the grammatical beginning upon which the entire dialects are established. In his creation, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson bargains a short account of Cherokee heritage and language revitalization projects, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The ebook then delves into a proof of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, elements of speech, and syntax.
whereas the publication is meant as a reference grammar for knowledgeable students, Montgomery-Anderson provides the data in obtainable levels, relocating from more uncomplicated examples to extra complicated linguistic constructions. Examples are taken from quite a few resources, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of varied textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the amount additionally contains 3 appendices: a thesaurus keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a set of literary texts: conventional tales and a ancient account of a seek celebration touring up the Arkansas River.
The Cherokee country, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the biggest in Oklahoma, in addition to the United Keetoowah Band and the japanese band of Cherokees, have numerous those who converse their local language. Like different tribes, they've got obvious a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, fairly one of the younger, yet they've got replied with bold courses for retaining and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function a necessary source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee heritage, language, and tradition all alone terms.
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Extra resources for A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee
They surface as short vowels with nasalization and often become devoiced at the end of the articulation. The presence of a clitic, however, will reveal the underlying length of the word-final vowel. A clitic is an element that is similar to a suffix in that it always attaches to the end of a word; it differs from a suffix in that it can attach to any part of speech (suffixes are indicated by a dash(-), clitics by an equal (=) sign). Clitics are discussed in Chapter 3. There exist several different ways for vowel length to be represented orthographically.
This work owes much to previous linguistic descriptions of Cherokee, especially Pulte and Feeling (1975), Scancarelli (1987), and the UCLA papers (Munro1996a). Some of the pedagogical works have been useful for learning set phrases, in particular Holmes and Smith (1977). Prentice Robinson’s audio tapes have provided many hours of listening in the car and further helped hone my ear to the particular sound and rhythms of the language. Geoffrey Lindsey’s analyses of tone (1985, 1987) have been useful in determining what kind of Romanized script to use and how to mark tone.
During this discussion he does point out, intriguingly, that the terms ‘active’ and ‘stative’ that are used for Dakota also seem to apply to Cherokee. This work contains detailed analyses of phonological rules, but also without a lot of examples. The few examples that do occur are not 26 provided with a morpheme analysis alongside the gloss. I hope to make the important analyses made in these works more accessible by providing more examples of them. ’ The text consists of sixteen numbered sentences with a line by line gloss, morphological analysis as well as a free translation.
A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee by Brad Montgomery-Anderson