“Gabriel Kuhn’s first-class quantity illuminates a profound international innovative second, during which impressive principles and debates lit the sky.”
—Marcus Rediker, writer of Villains of all countries and The Slave Ship “This outstanding assortment, skillfully edited by way of Gabriel Kuhn, brings to existence that the majority pivotal of revolutions, crackling with the acrid scent of road combating, rebel hopes, and eventually defeat… In an period brimming with anticapitalist aspirations, those pages ring with that also unmet progressive promise of a higher international: i used to be, i'm, I shall be.”
—Sasha Lilley, writer of Capital and Its Discontents and coauthor of Catastrophism The German Revolution erupted out of the ashes of worldwide warfare I, caused by way of mutinying sailors refusing to be sacrificed within the ultimate carnage of the warfare. whereas the Social Democrats grabbed strength, radicals around the nation rallied to set up a communist society less than the slogan "All energy to the Councils!" The Spartacus League introduced an rebellion in Berlin, council republics have been proclaimed in Bremen and Bavaria, and workers' revolts shook various German cities. but in an act that may tragically form the process background, the Social Democratic govt beaten the rebellions with the aid of right-wing militias, paving the best way for the ill-fated Weimar Republic—and finally the ascension of the Nazis.This definitive documentary heritage collects manifestos, speeches, articles, and letters from the German Revolution—Rosa Luxemburg, the progressive Stewards, and Gustav Landauer among others—introduced and annotated by way of the editor. Many files, akin to the anarchist Erich Mühsam's complete account of the Bavarian Council Republic, are awarded right here in English for the 1st time. the quantity additionally comprises fabrics from the purple Ruhr military that repelled the reactionary Kapp Putsch in 1920 and the communist bandits that roamed japanese Germany until eventually 1921. All energy to the Councils! presents a dynamic and shiny photo of a time of significant desire and devastating betrayal. “Drawing on newly exposed fabric via pioneering archival old study, Gabriel Kuhn’s strong booklet at the German workers’ councils move is key analyzing to figuring out the future of democratic employee regulate today.”
—Immanuel Ness, Graduate heart for employee schooling, Brooklyn College “An necessary source on a world-historic event.”
—Lucien van der Walt, Rhodes college, South Africa
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Extra info for All Power to the Councils!: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919
Indeed, as time has shown, the Comintern has not only bloodily liquidated the genuine revolutionaries in Kronstadt and in the Ukraine, but also has purposely prevented the workers’ revolution in Germany. The seamen supporting the Revolutionary Committee felt that it was their duty to carry forward their activities and assist their class comrades at all costs. To do so, they were determined even to make use, in case of necessity, of the units of the battle fleet, which though bound by the clauses of the armistice were still armed and fit for use.
This only increased the anger among the population and made the rebels more determined. On November 4, SPD politician Gustav Noske arrived in Kiel and was elected chairman of the newly formed Kiel Soldiers’ Council. It was the first act of SPD infiltration of the revolutionaries’ ranks—a theme that would mark the coming weeks and months. Meanwhile, unrest was spreading from the soldiers and workers in Wilhelmshaven and Kiel to other parts of the country. In Hamburg, Bremen, Hanover, and many other cities around Germany, soldiers refused to obey orders, workers went on strike, and broad sections of the population demanded the authorities to step down.
A purge of the crews of certain ships was ordered by commanders of the fleet, but the growth of the movement was far ahead of the measures taken by the naval authorities, and the purging was, no doubt, more of a nuisance than a wholesome cure! Suspects— always the wrong ones, of course—were promptly ordered off to their company’s naval barracks. From there, thousands of seamen were ordered off to the Marine Division on the coast of Flanders. In March 1917, leaflets written in block letters, signed by the Committee, were distributed by the sailors of the Third Sailors Regiment.
All Power to the Councils!: A Documentary History of the German Revolution of 1918-1919