By Alison R. Bernstein
The influence of worldwide struggle II on Indian affairs was once extra profound and lasting than that of the other occasion or policy--including Roosevelt’s Indian New Deal and efforts to terminate federal accountability for tribes lower than Eisenhower. concentrating on the interval from 1941 to 1947, Alison R. Bernstein explains why termination and tribal self-determination have been logical result of the Indians’ international conflict II reports in conflict and at the domestic entrance.
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Additional resources for American Indians and World War II: toward a new era in Indian affairs
Indians simply did not have sufficient arable lands upon which to build a stable economy for their current population, let alone future generations. 40 In addition to having insufficient arable land, many tribes misused the arable lands they possessed. The problems of the Navajo presented the most extreme case of inadequate land supply and inefficient land utilization. Ninety percent of the lands on the Navajo reservation, the largest tribally owned land area in the continental United States, were used in sheep raising.
41 A report by the Soil Conservation Service of the Indian Bureau revealed that the maximum carrying capacity of the Navajo range was less than half the number of sheep grazed by Navajo herders. To save the land, the government asked Indians to cut back their livestock production to levels which seriously endangered the Page 14 already shaky Navajo economy. After vigorous debate, the tribal council reluctantly adopted the government's recommendations, but the program created considerable mistrust and animosity.
Although Collier championed Indian rights and the tribal way of life, he did so by relying on non-Indian political and cultural organizations such as constitutions, business charters, and even an Arts and Crafts Board headed by whites which certified the authenticity of native works. Collier's IRA governments were so closely patterned on white models and thinking that they seldom resembled traditional tribal governments. Moreover, Collier's solution to the Indians' problem, namely more tribal economic development, could also be interpreted as encouraging a form of "corporate assimilation" to the prevailing society.
American Indians and World War II: toward a new era in Indian affairs by Alison R. Bernstein