By Peter Bonfield
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Extra info for American Plywood in Roof Construction: A Design Guide (BRE Report)
Fig. 1: Salmon River Bridge: steel girders with ties. 54 6 FRP Reinforced Concrete- State of the Art Fig. 2: Salmon River Bridge: steel-free deck. Bridge Province Type I Year Steel-free region Special features ~ Salmon River Bridge Nova Scotia Highway 1996 1 span of the 2X31m Catham Ontario 1 Bridge ICrowchild I Alberta Highway 1996 edge spans of the 4 spans I Highway I 1997 all 3 spans, for first time continuous north span of both parallel spans first application NEFMAC meshes over cantilevers C-Bar bars over columns and cantilevers, smart reinforcement smart reinforcement (cf.
The biggest span to date is about 10 m. During the manufacture of the plate there is also the possibility of integrating connectors in the form of steel inserts in the plates. ) 225 mm constant yes ACCS system 4 variable (boxes) Total 36 no Guide rails . Production glued inserts if necessary integrated glued clamps if necessary , pockets handintegrated . integrated laminated glued not glued + blind bolts integrated glued glued + mechan. I yes Cross slope 1 I I I glued I 1 I not connectors integrated not integrated I not yet solved insert variation connections VARTM I 1 I on longit.
The 50 cm wide GFRP plate element in fig. 4 can be glued to deck slabs and is primarily used for footbridges. The materials used are mostly glass fibres in polyester or vinylester matrices. Occasionally unidirectional carbon fibres are added to the flanges (hybrid profiles, fig. 3). Protection against UV rays and the weather is achieved by means of special additives and surface fleeces. FRP profiles have been mainly employed for all-composite footbridges (chapter 9), and occasionally for hybrid or all-composite highway bridges (chapters 8 and 9).
American Plywood in Roof Construction: A Design Guide (BRE Report) by Peter Bonfield