By Michele Melaragno
The artwork of creating dome shell buildings has given to the baroque for its assumed pompo been with us on account that precedent days. present ex sity in glorifying curves. In functional phrases amples within the Astrodome, the Superdome, such an angle in layout is obviously mani the Kingdome, and the Florida Suncoast fested within the current cityscapes which are to Dome stand to remind us of the counterpoint tally freed from arches, domes, shells, and any they play to the Pantheon, S. Sophia, S. different shape that isn't rectilinear. is that this what Maria del Fiore, and St. Peter. The latter we actually want-plans and elevations with might be considered by way of a few as being old merely directly strains, ninety-degree angles, or, background, yet they're found in the 20 th in a few bold situations, forty-five-degree century and consequently are part of our current angles? It doesn't appear so. and destiny. Why do students proceed to equally, the curricula in either civil engi examine them? What can they train us? A re neering and structure in buildings appear vival of curiosity in curvilinear buildings is to disregard deliberately arches and vaults, lim lower than means, because the present examples simply pointed out iting those matters to graduate courses in thin-shell layout as being a really expert eso testify. at the start of this century, below teric topic.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Shell Structures: The Art and Science of Vaulting
Two of these domes had octagonal extrados and the third a conical exterior profile, but all three had circular intrados. Their construction dates are later than those for the baths in Pompeii. More specifically, the three structures can be described as follows. Significant Examples of Roman Domes THE STABIAN BATHS, POMPEII (c. ) The frigidarium (cooling room) in the Stabian Baths at Pompeii was covered by a concrete dome that is the oldest of its type to have survived. The intrados and extrados are both conical surfaces.
In the construction of this dome can be noted for the first time the use of pendentives to go from a decagonal plan to the circular base of the dome. This method was first picked up by Byzantine architecture and then used extensively thereafter. An important feature of this dome is the use of brick ribs along its meridians, and the parallel hoops that create a secondary structure. This method of construction stiffens the dome, limits potential cracks, and simplifies 2-30 The dome of the Temple of Minerva Medica in the Licinian Gardens, Rome (c.
Some have a rectangular configuration, but those in the so-called Ayhudhya style of the Thai period (from the thirteenth to the seventeenth centuries) instead have a circular plan and are bell shaped. Prachedi or Siamese bell-shaped stupas were used here more as royal tombs than shrines. An excellent example of Prachedi is the stupa at Nakhon Pathom, with its typical bell-shaped dome surmounted by an elongated conical spire (see Fig. 2-22). · f 2-22 The stupa of Nakhon Pathom in Thailand. The main portion of the structure is bell shaped (prachedi).
An Introduction to Shell Structures: The Art and Science of Vaulting by Michele Melaragno